How to install large tiles and panels

Once the appropriate ceramic tiles for a project have been selected, the next step is to ensure that they are properly installed

Once the appropriate ceramic tiles for a project have been selected, the next step is to ensure that they are properly installed." target="_self Large-format floor tiles with side lengths greater than 60 cm (square tiles) or 80 cm (rectangular tiles), which account for a large proportion of Italian tiles, are particularly vulnerable to damage.It is not an exaggeration to say that the installation of floor or wall tiling is the most important factor in the success of the project, especially given the fact that this type of surface typically lasts for decades due to its technical and aesthetic qualities.In other words, the installation process is at least as important as the selection of tiles for sale, and the architect or homeowner must give careful consideration to this process.The first piece of advice is to make certain that the installation work is done by a qualified tile layer. Despite the fact that this is common sense and applies to any type of manual labor, the absence of mandatory certifications means that it is critical to select a tile layer who possesses the necessary skills and qualifications.In Italy, the only tile layers who are certified are those who have registered with the Assoposa association, and a list of these individuals can be found on the association#39;s website.The tile layer should be notified as soon as possible of the project#39;s requirements. A highly skilled professional will be able to not only meet these requirements, but will also be able to provide advice on the most effective method of installation. Even for the designer or architect, an open and honest exchange of ideas can be beneficial.The purpose of this article is not to detail every step of the installation process, but rather to make a few critical recommendations.In order to ensure maximum bonding and avoid the formation of air bubbles underneath large-scale tiles, adhesive should be applied to both the substrate and the back of the tile (the so-called back-buttering technique) when installing large-scale tiles. The adhesive should be applied to both the substrate and the back of the tile in straight parallel lines. Once the ceramic tile has been installed, it should be tamped with a vibrating mechanical plate to ensure that the tile, adhesive, and substrate make the most contact with one another.Ceramic tiles with rectified edges and the ability to be installed in such a way as to create an uninterrupted, seamless surface offer significant aesthetic and functional advantages. Although a continuous surface may appear to be the case, it is important to remember that a jointless installation is not always the case, as tiles should never be installed with joint widths of less than 2 mm (the minimum width specified as mandatory by Italian Standard UNI 11493).Following that, the joint must be filled with grout to at least two-thirds of the tile#39;s thickness (although more is preferable), with extra grout carefully removed. Using a grout that is the same color as the tile helps to create a surface that has an appealing seamless appearance.4. Command and control as well as expansionJoints are required to keep the movements of the various components of the structure (concrete slab, screed, adhesive, and tile) as separated as possible. Interior tiling should be divided into squares or rectangles using joints that have a length to width ratio of no more than 1.5, according to the technical standard. The squares or rectangles can range in size from 5 5 metres to 6 4 metres in length.5. Perimeter joints should also be provided wherever the floor meets other surfaces (such as walls), regardless of their orientation.6. The entire surface of the installation, including the joints, should be thoroughly cleaned. Installation is considered complete only after all remnants of the installation materials have been removed from the area of operation.7. Radiant heating systems are built into so-called floating screeds, which is a solution that is currently very popular. It is required by standard that the screed above the coils has a thickness of no less than 30 mm. It is necessary to run the heating system through a test cycle before starting to lay the tiles.These are just a few suggestions to assist anyone who is contemplating the design or selection of a ceramic tiled floor. One final piece of advice: never get tired of asking for information and always insist on receiving clear answers to any questions you may have. Ceramic tiling has a long lifespan, so it is worthwhile to spend a little extra time during the installation process to ensure that everything is done correctly.

Morgan Edith

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